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托福阅读

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托福阅读真题练习:潜热储存

时间: 2017年12月22日 18:05:00 来源:培臻留学
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         下面是培臻教育小编为大家整理的一篇关于托福阅读真题练习:潜热储存的文章,供大家参考,下面是详细内容。
 
  Because the low latitudes of the Earth, the areas near the equator, receive more heat than the latitudes near the poles, and because the nature of heat is to expand and move, heat is transported from the tropics to the middle and high latitudes. Some of this heat is moved by winds and some by ocean currents, and some gets stored in the atmosphere in the form of latent heat. The term "latent heat" refers to the energy that has to be used to convert liquid water to water vapor. We know that if we warm a pan of water on a stove, it will evaporate, or turn into vapor, faster than if it is allowed to sit at room temperature. We also know that if we hang wet clothes outside in the summertime they will dry faster than in winter, when temperatures are colder. The energy used in both cases to change liquid water to water vapor is supplied by heat — supplied by the stove in the first case and by the Sun in the latter case. This energy is not lost. It is stored in water vapor in the atmosphere as latent heat. Eventually, the water stored as vapor in the atmosphere will condense to liquid again, and the energy will be released to the atmosphere.
 
  In the atmosphere, a large portion of the Sun's incoming energy is used to evaporate water, primarily in the tropical oceans. Scientists have tried to quantify this proportion of the Sun's energy. By analyzing temperature, water vapor, and wind data around the globe, they have estimated the quantity to be about 90 watts per square meter, or nearly 30 percent of the Sun's energy. Once this latent heat is stored within the atmosphere, it can be transported, primarily to higher latitudes, by prevailing, large-scale winds. Or it can be transported vertically to higher levels in the atmosphere, where it forms clouds and subsequent storms, which then release the energy back to the atmosphere.
 
  题目:
 
  1. The passage mainly discusses how heat
 
  (A) is transformed and transported in the Earth's atmosphere
 
  (B) is transported by ocean currents
 
  (C) can be measured and analyzed by scientists
 
  (D) moves about the Earth's equator
 
  2. The passage mentions that the tropics differ from the Earth's polar regions in which of the following ways?
 
  (A) The height of cloud formation in the atmosphere.
 
  (B) The amount of heat they receive from the Sun.
 
  (C) The strength of their large scale winds.
 
  (D) The strength of their oceanic currents.
 
  3. The word "convert" in line 6 is closest in meaning to
 
  (A) mix
 
  (B) change
 
  (C) adapt
 
  (D) reduce
 
  4. Why does the author mention "the stove" in line 10?
 
  (A) To describe the heat of the Sun.
 
  (B) To illustrate how water vapor is stored.
 
  (C) To show how energy is stored.
 
  (D) To give an example of a heat source.
 
  5.According to the passage , most ocean water evaporation occurs especially
 
  (A) around the higher latitudes
 
  (B) in the tropics
 
  (C) because of large-scale winds
 
  (D) because of strong ocean currents
 
  6.According to the passage , 30 percent of the Sun's incoming energy
 
  (A) is stored in clouds in the lower latitudes
 
  (B) is transported by ocean currents
 
  (C) never leaves the upper atmosphere
 
  (D) gets stored as latent heat
 
  7. The word "it" in line 18 refers to
 
  (A) square meter
 
  (B) the Sun's energy
 
  (C) latent heat
 
  (D) the atmosphere
 
  8. The word "primarily" in the line 19 is closest in meaning to
 
  (A) chiefly
 
  (B) originally
 
  (C) basically
 
  (D) clearly
 
  9. The word "prevailing" in line 19 is closest in meaning to
 
  (A) essential
 
  (B) dominant
 
  (C) circular
 
  (D) closest
 
  10. All of the following words are defined in the passage EXCEPT
 
  (A) low latitudes(line 1)
 
  (B) latent heat (line 5)
 
  (C) evaporate (line 7)
 
  (D) atmosphere (line 14)
 
  答案:ABBDB DCABD
 
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该文章由培臻留学于2017年12月22日 18:05:00发表在 培臻国际 > 各类测试备考 > Toefl Training > 托福辅导 > 托福阅读 > 分类下,你可以在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。

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